While the sun shines on you and the fields are green and beautiful to the eye, and your husband sees beauty in you which no has seen before, and you have a good store of grain laid away for hard times, a roof over you and a sweet stirring in your body, what more can a woman ask for? Reflecting in Chapter 1 upon the happy first year of her marriage, Rukmani succinctly touches on themes and motifs of significance throughout the novel. Nature and its beauty appear in the sun and the green fields as the first source of her well-being. Rukmani expresses her appreciation for Nathan, who has discovered a beauty in her that she did not know she possessed.
Monument to Bartolomeo Colleonihe was captain-general of the Republic of Venice. From the 9th to the 12th century, Venice developed into a city state an Italian thalassocracy or Repubblica Marinara: Its strategic position at the head of the Adriatic made Venetian naval and commercial power almost invulnerable.
Later mainland possessions, which extended across Lake Garda as far west as the Adda Riverwere known as the "Terraferma", and were acquired partly as a buffer against belligerent neighbours, partly to guarantee Alpine trade routes, and partly to ensure the supply of mainland wheat, on which the city depended.
In building its maritime commercial empire, the Republic dominated the trade in salt,  acquired control of most of the islands in the Aegeanincluding Creteand Cyprus in the Mediterranean, and became a major power-broker in the Near East.
By the standards of the time, Venice's stewardship of its mainland territories was relatively enlightened and the citizens of such towns as BergamoBrescia and Verona rallied to the defence of Venetian sovereignty when it was threatened by invaders.
Venice remained closely associated with Constantinople, being twice granted trading privileges in the Eastern Roman Empire, through the so-called Golden Bulls or "chrysobulls" in return for aiding the Eastern Empire to resist Norman and Turkish incursions.
In the first chrysobull, Venice acknowledged its homage to the Empire; but not in the second, reflecting the decline of Byzantium and the rise of Venice's power. As a result of this conquest, considerable Byzantine plunder was brought back to Venice.
This plunder included the gilt bronze horses from the Hippodrome of Constantinoplewhich were originally placed above the entrance to the cathedral of Venice, St Mark's Basilicaalthough the originals have been replaced with replicas and are now stored within the basilica. After the fall of Constantinople, the former Roman Empire was partitioned among the Latin crusaders and the Venetians.
Venice subsequently carved out a sphere of influence in the Mediterranean known as the Duchy of the Archipelagoand captured Crete.
Although the Byzantines recovered control of the ravaged city a half-century later, the Byzantine Empire was terminally weakened, and existed as a ghost of its old self until Sultan Mehmet The Conqueror took the city in By the late 13th century, Venice was the most prosperous city in all of Europe.
At the peak of its power and wealth, it had 36, sailors operating 3, ships, dominating Mediterranean commerce. Venice's leading families vied with each other to build the grandest palaces and support the work of the greatest and most talented artists. The city was governed by the Great Councilwhich was made up of members of the noble families of Venice.
The Great Council appointed all public officials and elected a Senate of to individuals.
Since this group was too large for efficient administration, a Council of Ten also called the Ducal Council or the Signoriacontrolled much of the administration of the city. One member of the great council was elected " Doge ", or duke, the chief executive, who usually held the title until his death; although several Doges were forced by pressure from their oligarchical peers to resign and retire into monastic seclusion when they were felt to have been discredited by political failure.
The Venetian government structure was similar in some ways to the republican system of ancient Rome, with an elected chief executive the Dogea senate-like assembly of nobles, and a mass of citizens with limited political power, who originally had the power to grant or withhold their approval of each newly elected Doge.
Church and various private properties were tied to military service, although there was no knight tenure within the city itself. The Cavalieri di San Marco was the only order of chivalry ever instituted in Venice, and no citizen could accept or join a foreign order without the government's consent.
Venice remained a republic throughout its independent period, and politics and the military were kept separate, except when on occasion the Doge personally headed the military. War was regarded as a continuation of commerce by other means hence, the city's early production of large numbers of mercenaries for service elsewhere, and later its reliance on foreign mercenaries when the ruling class was preoccupied with commerce.
Paul Getty Museum Although the people of Venice generally remained orthodox Roman Catholics, the state of Venice was notable for its freedom from religious fanaticism and executed nobody for religious heresy during the Counter-Reformation.
This apparent lack of zeal contributed to Venice's frequent conflicts with the Papacy. In this context, the writings of the Anglican divine William Bedell are particularly illuminating.
Venice was threatened with the interdict on a number of occasions, and twice suffered its imposition. The second, most noted, occasion was inby order of Pope Paul V.May 09, · Nectar in a Sieve by Kamala Markandaya-Online Book Summary.
Previous Page | Table of Contents | Next Page Downloadable / Printable Version. PLOT STRUCTURE ANALYSIS. The novel is told in flashback - at the start, we meet Ruku as an .
Kamala Markandaya's writings have always intrigued me largely because of the times she lived in and the socio-cultural themes they therefore brought out. In this book, for instance, there were at least two themes I could make out.
The first is obvious enough, and also stems from the title - a battle between the spiritual and the material/5(3). Novel Summaries Analysis About the authors, overview, setting, themes and characters of novels About the Author Nectar in a Sieve; Kamala Markandaya (Kamala Purnaiya Taylor) was born in in Chimakurti, India.
She is a Overview Nectar in a Sieve; Nectar in a Sieve centers around Rukmani, an Indian peasant woman, and her family: her. Nectar in a Sieve is a novel by Kamala Markanday that was first published in SparkNotes: Nectar in a Sieve Free summary and analysis of the events in Kamala Markandaya's Nectar in a Sieve .
such, Kamala Markandaya merits special mention both by virtue of the variety and complexity of her achievement, and as representative of a major trend in the history of the IndoAnglian novel” (P 71). Born and brought up in India and living in England, Kamala Markandaya is quite familiar with.
GMT Nectar in a Sieve - free PDF, DJVU, FB3, RTF - Books Library - Nectar in a Sieve is Kamala Markandaya's first published novel. It was published in and received high acclaim from the readers and the critics. It gives us an authentic description of the Indian rural population.
The Title Kamala Markandaya is known to give apt and.