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History exam is designed to test your ability to apply knowledge of history in a complex, analytic manner. In other words, you are expected to treat history and historical questions as a historian would.
This process is called historiography— the skills and strategies historians use to analyze and interpret historical evidence to reach a conclusion. Thus, when writing an effective essay, you must be able to write a strong and clearly developed thesis and supply a substantial amount of relevant evidence to support your thesis.
Look at the question below and formulate a response. You can do this by making bullet points or, to get the test day experience, time yourself for 35 minutes and write! After the question, there are two sample essays that would receive a perfect scores.
Remember the four steps: Long Answer Sample Question The reform movements of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century focused primarily on the effects of the accelerating Industrial Revolution, especially its impact on the natural environment. Sample Essay 1 While a number of the most important reform movements of the late 19th and early 20th centuries grew out of efforts to combat the negative effects of industrialization, the main focus of their efforts was not the impact of the Industrial Revolution on the natural environment.
Farmers were upset at what they regarded as arbitrary and excessive railroad rates and abuses such as rebates to big business like Standard Oil. These farmers were among the first and most outspoken advocates of reform in the late 19th century.
The Populist movement, a reform movement attempting to combat the negative effects of industrialization and the rise of big business, was now in full swing. Beginning at the state level and with strong support in many urban areas, a new progressive movement reached the national level during the first years of the 20th century.
Supported by President Theodore Roosevelt, progressive reformers, like the Populists, sought to strengthen railroad regulation and both enforce and further strengthen the antitrust laws. InPresident Roosevelt not only forced mine owners to submit to arbitration to settle a nationwide coal strike, he also asked his attorney general to file an antitrust suit against the Northern Securities Company, a large railroad holding company.
A few years later, another progressive reformer, Woodrow Wilson, succeeded to the presidency, and he managed to further strengthen the antitrust laws by pushing the Clayton Antitrust Act through Congress in While railroad regulation and antitrust actions attracted the most attention of reformers during the period —, some efforts were made by reformers to mitigate the effects of industrialization and commercial expansion on the natural environment.
President Roosevelt used his executive authority to put thousands of acres of public lands aside for national parks, saving them from commercial exploitation.
Inhe convened a conservation conference at the White House in an effort to further mitigate the damage that mining and manufacturing were doing to the natural environment, especially in the West. President Roosevelt also pushed for the establishment of the forest service and appointed a conservation-minded ally, Gifford Pinchot, to head that agency.
Thus, both the populist and progressive movements sought to combat the negative effects of industrialization and economic expansion by focusing primarily on railroad regulation and the strengthening and enforcement of antitrust legislation.
AP US History Essay Question Database #1 (May ) The second document includes all of the questions in the 1st database, plus essay questions from AP exam review books, as well as some real exam questions from before The Largest Course Launch in AP's History. Learn about AP's new course Computer Science Principles, which launched in over 2, schools last fall. Aug 11, · This video explains the redesigned JULY AP History Long Essay Question (LEQ) rubric. Learn how the LEQ is graded and how you can score 6 points.
Nevertheless, some progressive reformers like Theodore Roosevelt and Gifford Pinchot did pay significant attention to preventing further damage to the natural environment and helped to found the modern conservation movement.
This thesis statement establishes a clear argument that addresses all parts of the question and makes a clear argument, earning one point. It does a nice job of demonstrating that at least two reform movements were not just aimed at the effects of the Industrial Revolution, but also at the impact on small business, workers, and consumers, as well as corruption in government.
Through its clear thesis, the essay is also able to address the targeted skill of causation by dealing with the causes and effects of the events mentioned in the question, for which it earns both of the possible points.
In its body paragraphs, the essay also does a very good job of identifying and using specific evidence to support its argument.
In addition, the essay uses a lot of pertinent information from the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt to support the thesis statement and also addresses how there were some reforms that dealt with the natural environment, i.
These examples also address the targeted skill by showing the cause and effect of these events in relation to the reform movements, earning two more points.
You also are able to meet the last point by applying the skill of synthesis. You modified the statement in developing your argument and employed the use of other categories. This essay scores a 6 out of a possible 6 points.
It is true that New England was home to a substantial number of reformers, especially several important leaders of the abolitionist movement, such as William Lloyd Garrison and Wendell Phillips. It is also true that the two most influential reform movements, the temperance and abolitionist movements, were not primarily concerned with the effects of the Market Revolution.
Yet the spread of the Market Revolution did significantly increase the number of employers who supported the temperance movement, if for no other reason than to try to ensure that their employees came to work sober and ready to do their jobs.
These organizations quickly spread throughout the country, opening hundreds of local chapters. Among the most important, most dedicated leaders of the abolitionist movement were the New York brothers Arthur and Lewis Tappan, wealthy merchants who gave strong financial support to the anti-slavery movement.
While some reformers such as the Tappan brothers and Robert Owen, the founder of a utopian community at New Lanark, Indiana, were successful merchants and industrialists, a much larger number of prominent reformers, including most of the leaders of the temperance and abolitionist movements, were motivated primarily by their religious beliefs.Aug 11, · This video explains the redesigned JULY AP History Long Essay Question (LEQ) rubric.
Learn how the LEQ is graded and how you can score 6 points.
Click here for a handout containing nearly all of the essay questions asked on the AP World History exam since it began. Use the document to study/review, and be sure you are able to answer all of the questions by the end of the course.
AP World History practice questions Test your understanding of each concept without having to take an entire AP World History practice exam.
The AP World History Exam measures students' knowledge of world history and their ability to think historically. Questions are based on key and supporting concepts, course themes, and the disciplinary practices and reasoning skills outlined in the course and exam description.
AP US History Essay Question Database #1 (May ) The second document includes all of the questions in the 1st database, plus essay questions from AP exam review books, as well as some real exam questions from before You can use the resources below as you prepare for the AP Exam.
Click here for details about the exam format.. Sample Questions. You’ll find sample multiple choice and free-response questions in the AP Biology Course and Exam Description .pdf/MB).. Sample Responses.