The Chinese Invention of Gunpowder, Explosives, and Artillery and Their Impact on European Warfare Overview The development of feudalism in Europe was accompanied by the introduction of the heavily armored, horse-mounted knight and the fortified castle. While Eastern technology helped pave the way for these developments, it also helped to ensure their eventual obsolescence.
During medieval times, a startling new discovery was made that forever changed the face of war: Sometime around AD, it is believed, a group of Daoist monks who frequently developed elixirs to cure illnesses or bestow long life, accidentally created an elixir with entirely new properties.
When they mixed saltpeter, sulfur and charcoal the basic ingredients of gunpowderthey discovered that it would burn and explode.
This became the prototype of gunpowder. They also experimented with different materials to use with the powder — first using bamboo because it was hollow to propel various projectiles. Eventually, they settled on metal rods, which became the prototype of guns and cannons. Before too long, the traveling Mongols noticed these new weapons, and within 40 years, gunpowder technology had traveled to Europe and other regions of Asia.
Guns and gunpowder gave people a significant advantage over their enemies, Sun said. Warfare and the goal of conquering others necessitated the improvement of guns.
During the age of discovery, many European ships were equipped with the firepower not only necessary to defend themselves and subdue their enemies — but to conquer new lands. And, when the Europeans began to settle in these countries, they did so with their guns at their sides.
Throughout history, those without guns often simply disappeared.The invention of gunpowder by Tang Dynasty Chinese alchemists, around A.D. led to military applications in China and eventually around the world. Invention of Gunpowder Changed War Tactics, Political Landscapes, World History.
November 1, By Valerie Orleans. Empires have been built — and lost — based on the availability and destructive power of weapons. The Chinese Invention of Gunpowder, Explosives, and Artillery and Their Impact on European WarfareOverviewThe development of feudalism in Europe was accompanied by the introduction of the heavily armored, horse-mounted knight and the fortified castle.
While Eastern technology helped pave the way for these developments, it also helped . The invention of gunpowder evolved into many things.
At first gunpowder was just used as fireworks, and it took a while for the Chinese to realize that gunpowder could be used in war. The first big weapon for warfare that evolved out of gunpowder was the cannon.
Gunpowder was invented by Taoist alchemists in China during the Tang Dynasty. While the name of the actual inventor is unknown, an alchemist named Wei Boyang wrote a book detailing the experiments. The use of gunpowder in warfare during the course of the 19th century diminished due to the invention of smokeless powder.
Gunpowder is often referred to today as " black powder " to distinguish it from the propellant used in contemporary firearms.