Pregnancy induced hypertension

This material must not be used for commercial purposes, or in any hospital or medical facility. Failure to comply may result in legal action. Pregnancy induced hypertension hi-per-ten-shun is a high blood pressure problem caused by pregnancy.

Pregnancy induced hypertension

Symptoms, Risks, Treatment and Prevention Preeclampsia is a condition that occurs only during pregnancy. Some symptoms of preeclampsia may include high blood pressure and protein in the urine, occurring after week 20 of pregnancy.

Preeclampsia is often precluded by gestational hypertension. While high blood pressure during pregnancy does not necessarily indicate preeclampsia, it may be a sign of another problem. Who is at risk for preeclampsia?

The following may increase the risk of developing preeclampsia: A first-time mom Previous experience with gestational hypertension or preeclampsia Women whose sisters and mothers had preeclampsia Women younger than 20 years and older than age 40 Women who had high blood pressure or kidney disease prior to pregnancy Women who are obese or have a BMI of 30 or greater What are the symptoms of preeclampsia?

How do I know if I have preeclampsia?

Pregnancy induced hypertension

At each prenatal checkup your healthcare provider will check your blood pressure, urine levels, and may order blood tests which may show if you have preeclampsia.

Your physician may also perform other tests that include: How is preeclampsia treated? Treatment depends on how close you are to your due date.

The different types of hypertension during pregnancy:

If you are close to your due date, and the baby is developed enough, your health care provider will probably want to deliver your baby as soon as possible. If you have mild preeclampsia and your baby has not reached full development, your doctor will probably recommend you do the following: Rest, lying on your left side to take the weight of the baby off your major blood vessels.

Drink at least 8 glasses of water a day Change your diet to include more protein If you have severe preeclampsia, your doctor may try to treat you with blood pressure medication until you are far enough along to deliver safely, along with possibly bed rest, dietary changes, and supplements.

How can preeclampsia affect the mother? If preeclampsia is not treated quickly and properly, it can lead to serious complications for the mother such as liver or renal failure and future cardiovascular issues. It may also lead to the following life-threatening conditions: Eclampsia— This is a severe form of preeclampsia that leads to seizures in the mother.

Pregnancy induced hypertension

How does preeclampsia affect my baby? Preeclampsia can prevent the placenta from getting enough blood. This can result in low birth weight.

Most women still can deliver a healthy baby if preeclampsia is detected early and treated with regular prenatal care. How can I prevent preeclampsia: Currently, there is no sure way to prevent preeclampsia. Use little or no added salt in your meals. Drink glasses of water a day.Initiation of antihypertensive treatment at values ≥ /90 mmHg is recommended in women with a) gestational hypertension, with or without proteinuria, b) pre-existing hypertension with the superimposition of gestational hypertension or c) hypertension with asymptomatic organ damage or symptoms at any time during pregnancy.

Gestational hypertension, also referred to as pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) is a condition characterized by high blood pressure during pregnancy. Gestational hypertension can lead to a serious condition called preeclampsia, also referred to as toxemia.

Hypertension during pregnancy affects. Pregnancy induced hypertension (hi-per-ten-shun) is a high blood pressure problem caused by pregnancy. It is also called "PIH." Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure. You may have PIH if your blood pressure was normal but began to rise after the 20th week of pregnancy.

PIH means more. Pregnancy-induced hypertension — which may also be called pre-eclampsia, toxemia, or toxemia of pregnancy — is a pregnancy complication characterized by high blood pressure, swelling due to fluid retention, and protein in the urine.

What is pregnancy-induced hypertension? Is it different from preeclampsia?

Preeclampsia (high blood pressure during pregnancy) generally begins after the 20th week of pregnancy and is related to increased blood pressure and protein in the mother's urine.

Approximately 6% to 8% of women in the U.S. experience high blood pressure during pregnancy. Gestational hypertension or pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) is the development of new hypertension in a pregnant woman after 20 weeks' gestation without the presence of protein in the urine or other signs of pre-eclampsia.

Hypertension in Pregnancy - ACOG