Rooted in 19th-century antisemitic discourse on the "Jewish question," "Final Solution" as a Nazi cover term denotes the last stage in the evolution of the Third Reich's anti-Jewish policies from persecution to physical annihilation on a European scale. Currently, Final Solution is used interchangeably with other, broader terms that refer to German extermination policies during World War IIas well as more specifically to describe German intent and the decision-making process leading up to the beginning of systematic mass murder.
All Jews in Germany and the occupied countries were deported to sealed ghettos as a holding area. Many were then shipped in cattle cars to labor camps where they lived under brutally inhuman conditions. Hundreds of thousands were sent directly to the gas chambers in death camps.
As the Allies advanced on the camps, death marches further depleted the ranks of potential camp survivors. An entire state bureaucracy was mobilized solely for the purpose of annihilating Jews. German technological expertise was harnessed to make the mass murder as efficient and low-cost as possible.
The conditions in these death camps and other concentration camps were brutal, and designed purposely to make survival only temporary. The Madagascar Plan see below was one example of strategies which were formulated to remove Jews from Germany and its occupied lands.
As is described in more detail in Chapter 11, many countries refused to accept Jewish refugees. This shift in policy resulted in the deportation of Jews to camps and ghettos in the East. Inplans were devised by the Nazis to ship all Jews under Nazi control to Madagascar, an island in the Indian Ocean.
Chelmno was the site of the first gassing of Jews, which occurred on December 8, The Nazi war machine had limited resources, including slave labor, much of it Jewish. Even so, the Nazis made a decision that the annihilation of the Jews of Europe was a more important achievement than the value of their labor.
Similarly, the Nazis made a decision not to let the need for transport for the war effort interfere with the need for trucks and rail cars to carry the Jews to concentration camps and death centers. It was Adolf Eichmann who masterminded the logistics of the deportation of Jews.
Each was told to take some clothing, blankets, shoes, eating utensils but no knifea bowl, and some money. Rounded up, they were herded into trucks for the trip to the rail station, or were forced to walk.
The rail cars were often strategically located at a distance from the passenger terminals, so that this scene would not arouse the ire of the local populace. Many who did see chose not to protest.
The deportees were forced into rail cars, most of which were windowless, unheated cattle cars, and squeezed in so tightly that most were forced to stand. The doors were then sealed shut from the outside.The Final Solution The Nazis used coded language and euphemism to disguise acts of terror, brutality, destruction and murder.
The term ‘Final Solution’ (Endlösung) referred to their plan to annihilate the Jewish people. The ‘Final Solution‘ was a code name for the murder of all the Jews of Europe. The people present at the conference were to discuss how to make mass murder happen in an organised and methodical way.
The "Final Solution of the Jewish Question" (in German "Endlö-sung der Judenfrage") was the Nazi plan for the extermination of the Jews. Setting the Stage for the Holocaust. Antisemitic myths about World War I's end played a role in Hitler's rise to power.
Learn More. News. Letter from Holocaust Survivors to Pittsburgh Jewish Community November 08, Museum Condemns Pittsburgh Synagogue Attack October 27, The Holocaust - An Introduction (II): The Final Solution from Tel Aviv University, Yad Vashem.
The Holocaust was an inconceivable historical event, which forever robbed Western culture of its innocence.
As civilized human beings, we fail to. On 20 January , fifteen leading officials of the Nazi state met at a villa in Wannsee, a suburb of Berlin, to discuss the ‘Final Solution of the Jewish Question’.
The ‘Final Solution’ was a code name for the murder of all the Jews of Europe.