Full Answer Gandhi was arrested on March 10, and convicted of sedition. He served 2 years of a 6-year sentence and, after his release, worked toward resolving a split that had caused the Indian National Congress to break into two opposing factions while he was imprisoned. He also attempted to bridge the differences between Hindus and Muslims in the independence movement.
India was under the British rule for over years. He, along with other freedom fighters, compelled the British to leave India. His policies and agendas were non-violent and his words were the source of inspiration for millions. In order to gain the trust of the empire, Gandhi agreed to move people to enlist in the army for World War I.
However, he wrote to the Viceroy and said that he "personally will not kill or injure anybody, friend or foe". The Champaran farmers were being forced to grow Indigo and were being tortured if they protested. Kheda When Kheda, a village in Gujarat, was badly hit by floods, the local farmers appealed to the rulers to waive off the taxes.
Here, Gandhi started a signature campaign where peasants pledged non-payment of taxes.
He also arranged a social boycott of the mamlatdars and talatdars revenue officials. Inthe Government relaxed the conditions of payment of revenue tax until the famine ended. This was evident in his involvement in the Khilafat Movement. After the first World War, the Muslims feared for the safety of their Caliph or religious leader and a worldwide protest was being organised to fight against the collapsing status of the Caliph.
Gandhi became a prominent spokesperson of the All India Muslim Conference and returned the medals he had received from the Empire during his Indian Ambulance Corps days in South Africa. His role in the Khilafat made him a national leader in no time. Non-cooperation Movement Gandhi had realised that the British had been able to be in India only because of the co-operation they received from the Indians.
Keeping this in mind, he called for a non-cooperation movement. The ominous day of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre triggered the non-cooperation movement.
Gandhi set the goal of Swaraj or self-governance, which since then became the motto of Indian freedom movement. At the Calcutta Congress ofGandhi declared that the British must grant India dominion status or the country will erupt into a revolution for complete independence.
The British did not pay heed to this. As a result, on December 31,the Indian flag was unfurled in Lahore and the next January 26 was celebrated as the Indian Independence Day. Then, Gandhi started a Satyagraha campaign against the salt tax in March He marched kilometres from Ahmedabad to Dandi in Gujarat to make salt.
Thousands of people joined him and made it one of the biggest marches in Indian history. This happened when the British started recruiting Indians for the war. Gandhi protested strongly and said that the Indians cannot be involved in a war that is in favour of democratic purposes when India itself is not a free country.
This argument exposed the two-faced image of the colonisers and within half a decade, they were out of this country. Interested in General Knowledge and Current Affairs?
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Employing nonviolent nationalist movements as his weapon, Mahatma Gandhi stirred Indian men and women to "fight" for independence without shedding blood.
Seven major freedom movements started by Mahatma Gandhi. Seven major freedom movements started by Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi's contribution to India's Independence. His role in the Khilafat made him a national leader in no time.
5. Non-cooperation Movement. The legend of Mahatma Gandhi has it that he returned to India from South Africa in , took control of and radically transformed the Indian nationalist movement, and led three great popular movements that eventually wore down the British government and led to Indian independence.
Gandhi and his non violence movement played a big part in India s independence struggle. Gandhi was the main inspiration for movement for indian independence. He led the campaign to defeat.
Mahatma Gandhi was the leader who guided India towards Independence.
India was under the British rule for over years. Gandhi returned to India from South Africa in at the request of Gopal Krishna Gokhale. Mohandas Gandhi’s reputation as the Indian spiritual and political leader who coordinated and led a successful national struggle for independence against British imperial rule on the strength of a non-violent movement survives largely intact.