Total- Word Meaning of Tax: A tax may also be defined as a "pecuniary burden laid upon individuals or property owners to support the governmentA payment exacted by legislative authority. In modern taxation systems, taxes are levied in money.
Share via Email Last autumn, there was a military coup in Thailand. The leaders of the coup took a number of steps, rather systematically, as if they had a shopping list.
In a sense, they did. Within a matter of days, democracy had been closed down: They were not figuring these things out as they went along. If you look at history, you can see that there is essentially a blueprint for turning an open society into a dictatorship.
That blueprint has been used again and again in more and less bloody, more and less terrifying ways. But it is always effective. It is very difficult and arduous to create and sustain a democracy - but history shows that closing one down is much simpler. You simply have to be Uk tax system essay to take the 10 steps.
As difficult as this is to contemplate, Uk tax system essay is clear, if you are willing to look, that each of these 10 steps has already been initiated today in the United States by the Bush administration.
Because Americans like me were born in freedom, we have a hard time even considering that it is possible for us to become as unfree - domestically - as many other nations. Because we no longer learn much about our rights or our system of government - the task of being aware of the constitution has been outsourced from citizens' ownership to being the domain of professionals such as lawyers and professors - we scarcely recognise the checks and balances that the founders put in place, even as they are being systematically dismantled.
Because we don't learn much about European history, the setting up of a department of "homeland" security - remember who else was keen on the word "homeland" - didn't raise the alarm bells it might have.
It is my argument that, beneath our very noses, George Bush and his administration are using time-tested tactics to close down an open society.
It is time for us to be willing to think the unthinkable - as the author and political journalist Joe Conason, has put it, that it can happen here.
And that we are further along than we realise. Conason eloquently warned of the danger of American authoritarianism. I am arguing that we need also to look at the lessons of European and other kinds of fascism to understand the potential seriousness of the events we see unfolding in the US.
Invoke a terrifying internal and external enemy After we were hit on September 11we were in a state of national shock. Less than six weeks later, on October 26the USA Patriot Act was passed by a Congress that had little chance to debate it; many said that they scarcely had time to read it.
We were told we were now on a "war footing"; we were in a "global war" against a "global caliphate" intending to "wipe out civilisation". There have been other times of crisis in which the US accepted limits on civil liberties, such as during the civil war, when Lincoln declared martial law, and the second world war, when thousands of Japanese-American citizens were interned.
It can, like Hitler's invocation of a communist threat to the nation's security, be based on actual events one Wisconsin academic has faced calls for his dismissal because he noted, among other things, that the alleged communist arson, the Reichstag fire of Februarywas swiftly followed in Nazi Germany by passage of the Enabling Act, which replaced constitutional law with an open-ended state of emergency.
Or the terrifying threat can be based, like the National Socialist evocation of the "global conspiracy of world Jewry", on myth.
It is not that global Islamist terrorism is not a severe danger; of course it is. I am arguing rather that the language used to convey the nature of the threat is different in a country such as Spain - which has also suffered violent terrorist attacks - than it is in America.
Spanish citizens know that they face a grave security threat; what we as American citizens believe is that we are potentially threatened with the end of civilisation as we know it. Of course, this makes us more willing to accept restrictions on our freedoms.
At first, the people who are sent there are seen by citizens as outsiders: Initially, citizens tend to support the secret prison system; it makes them feel safer and they do not identify with the prisoners.
But soon enough, civil society leaders - opposition members, labour activists, clergy and journalists - are arrested and sent there as well. This process took place in fascist shifts or anti-democracy crackdowns ranging from Italy and Germany in the s and s to the Latin American coups of the s and beyond.
It is standard practice for closing down an open society or crushing a pro-democracy uprising. Bush and his allies in Congress recently announced they would issue no information about the secret CIA "black site" prisons throughout the world, which are used to incarcerate people who have been seized off the street.
Gulags in history tend to metastasise, becoming ever larger and more secretive, ever more deadly and formalised. We know from first-hand accounts, photographs, videos and government documents that people, innocent and guilty, have been tortured in the US-run prisons we are aware of and those we can't investigate adequately.
But Americans still assume this system and detainee abuses involve only scary brown people with whom they don't generally identify.Private Law Tutor - Private law tuition in London, law tutors provide law tutoring for individuals & groups by barrister and lecturer in law.
From government prospective, taxes are both a policy tool for economic management and a prime source of revenue. Taxes can be effective in discouraging certain activities that have negative consequences for the community as a whole.
A good business tax system will not distort business decision. 2 page essay question pdf model papers words limit essay teachers day in hindi words short paragraph about eating habits food leads to obesity essay writing service discount medical how to write a childhood essay outline for college level persuasive essay body paragraph examples write my essay now for me essay zoo in hindi for class 4 words essay on leadership in hindi Here's an essay that I wrote with my students using the ideas and the advice about organisation in last week's lesson..
Families who send their children to private schools should not be required to pay taxes that support the state education system. Latest news, expert advice and information on money. Pensions, property and more. If the product is elastic product, government might reduce the tax because lower tax equal to higher economic growth.
From to , for example, more than 2,, Americans moved from the 41 U.S. states that had income taxes to the nine states without state income taxes.